Smoking Reduction Pack

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Smoking Reduction Sample



Product Description

Have you ever wondered why smokers smoke when stressed? It sounds counterintuitive because the principal pharmacological agent in tobacco smoke is nicotine, which is a mild stimulant.

There is chain smoking of course, which involves smoking tobacco more or less continuously during waking hours and another type of “therapeutic” smoking that seems to elicit a relaxation response. If you smoke or you know someone who smokes, this stress-reducing therapeutic response can be seen when at the first sign of stress there is an overwhelming urge to light up.

How can we explain the stress-reducing effects of tobacco smoking and can we find alternate and healthier ways of helping smokers achieve the same effect that they seemingly crave without having to smoke to get it?

Surprisingly little research has been done on the link between smoking and stress-reduction, but there are a few studies that can be drawn upon to answer this question. In 2009 Domino and colleagues[1] reported the results of an EEG study involving tobacco smokers who either sham smoked or smoked their favourite cigarette. Results demonstrated that smoking tobacco produced widespread and bilateral increases in dominant alpha brainwaves. Interestingly, small but statistically significant increases in dominant alpha brainwaves were also found for sham smokers. This is perhaps not surprising given the likelihood of strong conditioning relationships between the ritualistic aspects of smoking, smoking itself, and alpha brainwave frequencies.

While the alpha frequency effect associated with smoking is now well-established, the question arises as to what is it about smoking that induces dominant alpha frequencies?

In 1994, Foulds and colleagues[2] reported on a small study that compared the effects of subcutaneous nicotine injections versus placebo (saline) on EEG alpha brainwave frequency in non-smokers. Using a counter-balanced double-blind crossover experimental design, two 0.6 mg doses of nicotine or placebo were administered 40 min apart. These researchers found that the nicotine injection produced an increase in dominant alpha frequency brainwaves compared with the saline-treated subjects. The researchers reported “The increase in dominant alpha frequency found in non-smokers in this study was similar to that following nicotine inhalation in abstinent smokers in previous studies, and suggests that this is a primary effect of nicotine.”

From this research it appears as though the stress reducing effects of smoking tobacco is primarily due to nicotine induced dominant alpha brainwaves. Nicotine can either be injected or absorbed across the lungs. Presumably it can also be absorbed from a nicotine patch on the skin. However, regardless of its mode of passage into the bloodstream dominant alpha brainwaves follow ingestion and a half century of EEG research has already established that alpha waves are associated with states of relaxation.

There is nothing rare about alpha brainwaves and in fact they can be elicited by activating a variety of sensory pathways. For instance walking in a forest is likely to elicit them to a degree. Moreover, Ulrich[3] reported that people respond with more alpha brainwaves simply by viewing slides of nature, especially slides of water, compared with slides of urban environments. Research from Masago and colleagues[4] revealed that the inhalation of essential oils, especially lavender has a prominent alpha eliciting effect on brainwaves. It is also well-known that L-theanine in green tea produces dominant alpha waveforms 30-45 minutes after ingestion.

While there are many substances and experiences that can produce alpha brainwaves, the catch is in keeping them going. The Deep Mind Smoking Reduction Pack, which entrains brainwaves to 8.8 Hz alpha frequencies, can do just that. The constancy of the alpha pulse entrains dominant alpha brainwaves after only a few short minutes and maintains that frequency for the duration of exposure. It seems that alpha brainwave entrainment may have a lot to offer a smoker as part of a program aimed at reducing or stopping tobacco smoking.

A major principle in relapse prevention for addictive behaviours like tobacco smoking is replacing the unhealthy behaviour with some alternate healthy behaviour that serves the same or similar function. This behaviour must be fully compatible with the old behaviour in terms of it being sufficiently portable and easily undertaken. Again, brainwave entrainment fits this objective perfectly – it naturally leads to a relaxation response and it is very portable being able to be carried on a portable MP3 player, iPod, or iPhone wherever you go. (For instructions on how to transfer the tracks on this CD to your portable device please read the Deep Mind Brainwave Entrainment introductory booklet that came with your order.)

However, we would also want to add deep breathing into the mix because deep breathing is something that smokers do very well, except that they deep breathe smoke. Deeply, slowly, and rhythmically breathing clean fresh air also naturally elicits a relaxation response and bringing attention to the breath provides an anchor point to return to whenever the mind begins to wander.


[1] Domino, E. F., Ni, L., Thompson, M., Zhang, H., Shikata, H., Fukai, H., Sakaki, T., & Ohya, I. (2009). Tobacco smoking produces widespread dominant brain wave alpha frequency increases. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 74(3), 192-198.

[2] Foulds, J., McSorley, K., Sneddon, J., Feyerabend, C., Jarvis, M. J., and Russell, M. A. H. (1994). Effect of subcutaneous nicotine injections on EEG alpha frequency in non-smokers: a placebo-controlled pilot study. Psychopharmacology, 115(1-2), 163-166.

[3] Ulrich, R. S. (1981). Natural versus urban scenes: Some psychophysiological effects. Environment and Behavior, 13, 523-556.

[4] Masago, R., Matsuda, T., Kikuchi, Y., Miyazaki, Y., Iwanaga, K., Harada, H., & Katsuura, T. (2000). Effects of inhalation of essential oils on EEG activity and sensory evaluation. Journal of Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science, 19(1), 35-42.

Disc Contents

The Deep Mind Smoking Reduction Pack includes six 10 minute alpha entrainment tracks. Each track is designed to be listened to during a typical smoking break at work or at home. Each track provides a different mix of nature sounds and ambient tones, which is relaxing in its own right. With the added benefit of entrainment sound pulses, the alpha response will be quite profound. With continued use, the onset latency for alpha brainwaves should be no more than a few seconds.

The pulse frequency for each track is 8.8 Hz (alpha). The pulse is generated by isochronic, monaural, and binaural waveforms. The tracks differ only in terms of the ambient nature sounds and harmonic melodies accompanying each track.

The brainwave entrainment pulses on this CD are effective when listened to through audio speakers or headphones. However, use passive noise-isolating in-ear headphones for optimal audio reproduction of entrainment pulses. For further information on how to listen to Deep Mind Audio, click here.

Package Options and Download Information

This CD is available for purchase as an instant digital download. The various options and inclusions are listed below:

 

Instant Download

Option

FLAC Lossless

M4A Lossless

MP3 (320 kbps)

Inclusions

6 x FLAC files
User Guide*
Entrainment Guide*
Cover/disc images
Introduction.pdf
Contents list

6 x M4A files
User Guide*
Entrainment Guide*
Cover/disc images
Introduction.pdf
Contents list

6 x MP3 files
User Guide*
Entrainment Guide*
Cover/disc images
Introduction.pdf
Contents list

Total Size

392 MB (1 x zip file)

393 MB (1 x zip file)

137 MB (1 x zip file)

* Links provided upon download (see Introduction.pdf) for downloadable access to the latest version.

Please note: In the case of single disc instant downloads, customers will be provided with a download link, following purchase, to a zip file containing the audio files and supplementary information as indicated in the table above. In the case of multi-disc (series) downloads, following purchase, customers will be provided with a download link to a very small zip file which will include the download links to each separate disc. For all instant downloads, the download links expire after 7 days.


BEFORE LISTENING TO THIS CD PLEASE READ THE ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTATION INCLUDING THE DEEP MIND LEGAL DISCLAIMER AND CAUTIONS FOR USE.

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This product was added to our catalog on Monday 21 February, 2011.